It is an aggregate which is composed of tiny and slender crystals
bonded together radiating from a central point. The radiation of such
can either be flat or three dimensional. If it is three dimensional, the
aggregate usually occurs with circular, ball-like masses, and is known
It is a term for the emission of alpha, beta, or gamma rays.
It is the compounds acting as a single atom when combined with other
elements to form minerals. It contains one or more unpaired electrons.
It is a term given to describe substances containing stoms with
unstable nuclei. It causes the substance to decay slowly and emit
radiation. If kept in proper settings, radioactive minerals take an
extremely long time to decay.
It is the effect of radioactive material, which emits alpha, beta, and
It is a group of elements which are similar in chemical properties and
were once thought to be extremely rare. These elements take up numbers
57 through 71 on the periodical table and are also known as the
When a light hits a material and then bounces off, it is called as
reflection. The degree and angel of the reflection depends upon the
surface, which can be smooth, flat, polished. A polished hematite is a
good example which defines a reflective mineral. In certain cases, it
even produces a mirror-like reflection.
It is the bending of white light when it enters a new dimension, like
air to water or from air to crystal, and thereafter the white light
splits into the colors of the spectrum.
It is the amount of refraction taking place in a particular substance
which is directly co-related to the speed of light in that substance.
The refractive index is directly related to the amount of dispersion
that further increases the brilliance of a material. Refractive indices
are measured with a refractometer.
It is the plural form of refractive index.
It is the instrument for measuring the refraction of light entering
through a different dimension, like from air to water or from air into a
It is ore from which extraction of valuable constituents is very
difficult. It may require special treatments, like pressure leaching, to
extract the valuable minerals.
It is the unyielding of a material to a destructive acids and of tough
It is a term given to a six sided polyhedron with each side shaped as a
It is a crack in a rock. In broader way it generally refers to the
separation of plates on fault areas, forming a depression in the earth.
It is a term for an indefinite mixture of naturally occurring
substances, mostly minerals. The composition may vary in containment of
minerals and organic substances, and they are never exact.
It is a name given to transparent, colorless, crystal of quartz.
and Pillar mining
It is the common mining method which is most suitable for thick, flat
lying, laterally homogeneous, ore bodies. The pillars of the ore are
left behind after the mining to support the hanging wall. It is also
known as Pillar and Stall mining.